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OnePlusOne Research and Policy Digest – February 2016

By OnePlusOne, 02 March 2016

OnePlusOne’s monthly roundup of the key research and policy news to emerge from the field of relationships, including the latest journal articles of interest to family and relationships practitioners and researchers.

Research and Statistics

Britain’s Families: Thriving or Surviving?

This report from charity 4Children examines the opportunities and challenges Britain’s families face and whether they are feeling the benefits of economic recovery. Over six months the authors spoke in depth to hundreds of parents, carers, children and young people, and heard from thousands of others about their daily lives, the challenges they face and their expectations of their own futures.

“Common law marriage” and cohabitation
House of Commons Library

This briefing paper provides general information about the number of cohabiting couples in England and Wales, how the law applies to cohabitants, and about the Law Commission’s proposals for reform. There is also a short summary of the position in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Under Pressure: Single Parents in the UK.
Bertelsmann Stiftung

This study from a German think tank considers the everyday realities faced by two million single parents and their children in the UK.  The organisation carried out a similar study on single-parent families in Germany two years ago. This report analyses empirical data to present and explain trends and characteristics associated with single parents. Childcare and legal issues are also identified and examined.

Child outcomes after parental separation: variations by contact and court involvement.
Ministry of Justice

This report from the MoJ presents findings from the Millennium Cohort Study. It describes variations in contact between children and non-resident parents, and use of court for settling contact or financial arrangements. Findings indicated children of continuously married parents tended to have the best outcomes at age 11, followed by children of parents who were cohabiting at the time of birth and remained together. Children of separated parents showed the worst outcomes. Among children of separated parents, the results suggest that more contact with the non-resident parent was associated with better outcomes for children at age 11.

Left Out: How Young Dads Access Services in North East London
Young Dads Collective

This action research project explores how young dads in North East London are accessing antenatal and postnatal services such as midwifery services, early years education, and childcare. Recommendations address the changes the Young Dads Collective would like to see for dads that are currently being left out and how support for dads should mirror that of mothers.

Policy and Practice

All Together Now

In this report, Relate present an evidence-based, wide-ranging vision for support for good quality relationships for a vision of society in 2025, identifying current challenges as well as potential opportunities. Key recommendations for policy makers are made for changes to both local and national government policy.

Improving young people’s health and wellbeing: A framework for public health.
Public Health England

This framework from Public Health England addresses the specific needs of young people aged 10-24. PHE presents six core principles related to young people’s health, wellbeing, and resilience. Relationships are placed at the centre of young people’s health and wellbeing in this framework.

Good progress but more to do: teenage pregnancy and young parents.
Local Government Association

It is over 15 years since the then government launched its Teenage Pregnancy Strategy in response to England having one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in Western Europe. Since then the under-18 conception rate has halved thanks to the hard work of councils and their partners. This report includes advice, information, and practical examples for local authorities in relation to continuing this work.

Better Births: Improving outcomes of maternity services in England.
NHS National Maternity Review

This report sets out a five year vision for the planning, design and safe delivery of maternity services; how women, babies and families will be able to get the type of care they want; and how staff will be supported to deliver such care. Recommendations include women have a personal maternity care budget to be spent on the NHS care they choose, whether they give birth in a midwife-run unit, a hospital or at home; and improved postnatal and perinatal mental health care.

Information and guidance on Muslim marriage and divorce in Britain.
Muslim Women’s Network UK

The Muslim Women’s Network UK has published a report which is aimed at Muslim women in Britain so that they are better informed about their rights and practices relating to marriage and divorce. The contents of the report are also intended to be useful to family law professionals, politicians, government officials, academics, students, religious authorities (mosques, Shariah Councils and scholars) and women’s rights organisations.

Journal Articles

Barriers and facilitators to uptake of systematic reviews by policy makers and health care managers: a scoping review.
Tricco et al. (2016). Implementation Science.

‘I think it’s okay; I’m not going to say it’s unfair’: Children’s views of financial arrangements in post-separation families.
Campoa et al. (2016). Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law.

Self-esteem and caregiving in romantic relationships: Self- and partner perceptions.
Knapp et al. (2016). Personal Relationships.

The salience and severity of relationship problems among low-income couples.
Jackson et al. (2016). Journal of Family Psychology.

Determinants of father involvement with young children: Evidence from the early childhood longitudinal study–birth cohort.
Planalp & Braungart-Rieker. (2016). Journal of Family Psychology.

Children’s postdivorce residence arrangements and parental experienced time pressure.
van der Heijden et al. (2016). Journal of Marriage and Family.

Contributions of television use to beliefs about fathers and gendered family roles among first-time expectant parents.
Kuo & Ward. (2016). Psychology of Men and Masculinity.

Relational frames as mediators of everyday talk and relational satisfaction in stepparent–stepchild relationships.
Schrodt (2016). Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.

Interpretative phenomenological analysis of soldiers’ experiences of being married and serving in the British Army.
Keeling et al. (2015). Marriage and Family Review.

Making the most of children centre management data: a researcher- practitioner partnership approach.
Tunstill & Lewett. (2016). Journal of Children’s Services.

Older adults developing a preference for living apart together.
Benson & Coleman. (2016). Journal of Marriage and Family.

Changes in the satisfaction of cohabitors relative to spouses over time.
Pirani & Vignoli (2016). Journal of Marriage and Family.

Holistic experiences and strategies for conducting research with couples.
Braybrook et al. (2016). Qualitative Health Research.

The impact of breastfeeding peer support for mothers aged under 25: a time series analysis.
Scott et al. (2016). Maternal and Child Nutrition.

The impact of a prenatal education video on rates of breastfeeding initiation and exclusivity during the newborn hospital stay in a low-income population.
Kellams et al. (2016). Journal of Human Lactation.

Disconnected relationship values and marriage policies in England.
Van Acker (2016). Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law.

Father–child relationships and nonresident fathers’ psychological distress.
Yuan (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

Early romantic relationships linked with improved child behavior 8 years later.
Ratcliffe et al. (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

What keeps passion alive?
Frederick et al. (2016). The Journal of Sex Research.

Buffering the responses of avoidantly attached romantic partners in strain test situations.
Farrell et al. (2016). Journal of Family Psychology.

Interplay between marital attributions and conflict behavior in predicting depressive symptoms.
Ellison et al. (2016). Journal of Family Psychology.

The costs of suppressing negative emotions and amplifying positive emotions during parental caregiving.
Le & Impett (2016). Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

What is the effect of regular group exercise on maternal psychological outcomes and common pregnancy complaints? An assessor blinded RCT.
Haakstad et al. (2016). Midwifery.

Experiences with coparenting scale: A semantic differential measure of postdivorce coparenting satisfaction.
Beckmeyer et al. (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

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