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OnePlusOne Research and Policy Digest – March 2016

By OnePlusOne, 30 March 2016

OnePlusOne’s monthly roundup of the key research and policy news to emerge from the field of relationships, including the latest journal articles of interest to family and relationships practitioners and researchers.

Research and Statistics

Childcare and early years survey of parents in England, 2014 to 2015
This publication from the Department for Education provides information on a survey conducting with parents of children aged 0 to 14. It covers parents’ use of childcare and early years provision and their views and experiences, including what childcare is used by different types of families, and the influence of childcare arrangements on mothers’ decisions about whether to go out to work.

Losing in the long run
This report from Action for Children, produced in partnership with the National Children’s Bureau and The Children’s Society, calls for a renewed commitment from Government to vital early intervention services that support children, young people, and families. It shows that although local councillors believe in the value of early intervention services, they are concerned that maintaining spending on services, like children’s centres, will get more challenging. The report looks at the downward trend in funding from central government and spending locally since 2010, and highlights a number of case studies showing how crucial these services are.

Trends in attitudes about marriage, childbearing, and sexual behavior: United States, 2002, 2006–2010, and 2011–2013.
This report comes from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It describes attitudes about marriage, childbearing, and sexual behavior among men and women aged 15–44 in the United States based on the 2002, 2006–2010, and 2011–2013 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Reported trends include a decrease in the percentages of men and women who agreed with the acceptability of divorce, and an increase in the acceptability of premarital cohabitation, nonmarital childbearing, the right for gay and lesbian adults to adopt children, same-sex sexual relations, and premarital sex among those aged 18 between 2002 and 2011–2013.

What works to enhance inter-parental relationships and improve outcomes for children
This report from the Early Intervention Foundation reviews the literature on how and how much the parental relationship acts as an influence on child development and what the implications for policy are, including through local intervention to support inter-parental relationships and promote positive child mental health and related outcomes.

Building core capabilities for life: The science behind the skills adults need to succeed in parenting and in the workplace
This report from the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University, combines research from the biological and behavioral sciences with practical, on-the-ground knowledge from working with adults and families to provide effective solutions for helping individuals develop more effective skills for coping with adversity both at home and at work.

Caring Dads: Safer Children: Evaluation report
This report from the NSPCC evaluates Caring Dads: Safer Children (CDSC), a group work programme designed to help improve the parenting behaviour of fathers whose children have experienced living with domestic abuse. The evaluation provides promising evidence that CDSC can help to improve the welfare of children who have lived with domestic abuse. The evaluation also provides evidence that CDSC helps practitioners’ interventions and decision making about children in need or at risk. An additional report, Caring Dads: Safer Children: Learning from delivering the programme, providing practice learning is also available.

Policy and Practice

What works in training? Six lessons for developing professionals
This blog by Jonathan Breckon for the Alliance for Useful Evidence shares six simple ways to make a professional training course more effective – based on systematic reviews of research or rapid evidence assessments, for training professionals.

At the heart of health: Realising the value of people and communities.
This report from Nesta and The Health Foundation explores the value of people and communities at the heart of health, in support of the NHS Five Year Forward View vision to develop a new relationship with people and communities. It provides an overview of the existing evidence base with a particular focus on the potential benefits of adopting person- and community-centred approaches. It also describes where there are gaps in the evidence and where we need to know more. It is intended to be a practical resource to support the work of commissioners, providers, communities and others seeking to find ways to empower individuals and communities in their health and care.

Pregnancy and maternity-related discrimination and disadvantage.
This report comes from the Equality and Human Rights Commission, which commissioned the report with the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. The report suggests that pregnancy discrimination, which is illegal, has risen significantly since 2005. The research found one in five mothers said they experienced harassment or negative comments in the workplace related to pregnancy or flexible working and one in 10 said they were discouraged from attending antenatal appointments. Government has also published a response to these findings.

Implementing the Family Test
The Family and Childcare Trust, Relate, Relationship Foundation, and 14 other charities wrote to the 14 relevant Government departments to ask how they had incorporated and assessed the Family Test since its launch in October 2014. Responses are published in this report. The Centre for Social Justice have also published a short report based on a roundtable event in February 2016 titled “Where Next for the Family Test?”

Journal Articles

The power of couple-focused approaches in the perinatal period.
Rosan & Grimas (2016). Journal of Family Health.

Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse: A systematic review.
Rivas et al. (2016). Campbell Systematic Reviews.

From holding hands to having a thing to hooking up: Framing heterosexual youth relationships.
Rowley & Hertzog (2016). Marriage and Family Review.

Emotionally focused family therapy and play therapy for young children whose parents are divorced.
Hirschfeld & Wittenborn (2016). Journal of Divorce and Remarriage.

Community, family, and individual factors associated with adolescents’ vulnerability, daily stress, and well-being following family separation.
Rowe et al. (2016). Journal of Divorce and Remarriage.

Green-eyed (step)monsters: Parental figures’ perceptions of jealousy in the stepfamily.
DeGreeff & Platt (2016). Journal of Divorce and Remarriage.

Strategies designed to help healthcare professionals to recruit participants to research studies.
Preston et al. (2016). Cochrane Library.

Examining the link between women’s exposure to stressful life events prior to conception and infant and toddler health: the role of birth weight.
Cheng et al. (2016). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

The cross-lagged relationship between father absence and child problem behaviour in the early years.
Flouri et al. (2015). Child: Care, Health and Development.

Establishment of safety paradigms and trust in emerging adult relationships.
Mullinax et al. (2016). Culture, Health and Sexuality.

Number of prenatal visits and pregnancy outcomes in low-risk women.
Carter et al. (2016). Journal of Perinatology.

The price of love: the prioritisation of childcare and income earning among UK fathers.
Gatrell et al. (2016). Families Relationships and Societies.

Is empathic accuracy enough to facilitate responsive behavior in dyadic interaction? Distinguishing ability from motivation.
Winczewski et al. (2016). Psychological Science.

African American clergy involvement in marriage preparation.
Wilmoth & Blaney (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and queer grandchildren’s disclosure process with grandparents.
Scherrer (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

Religion and support for adoption by same-sex couples.
Whitehead & Perry (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

Missed opportunities for condom counseling among adolescent males.
Williams et al. (2016). American Journal of Men’s Health.

Mothers’ and Children’s Approaches to Mothers’ Romantic Relationships Following the Dissolution of Previous Partnerships.
Hadfield & Nixon (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

Parents’ work-family experiences and children’s problem behaviors: The mediating role of the parent–child relationship.
Vieira et al. (2016). Journal of Family Psychology.

The changing demography of Grandparenthood.
Margolis (2016). Journal of Marriage and Family.

Dual trajectories of maternal parenting stress and marital intimacy during toddlerhood.
Chester & Blandon (2016). Personal Relationships.

The experience of civil partnership dissolution: not ‘just like divorce’.
Auchmuty (2016). Social Welfare and Family Law.

Parental PTSD, adverse parenting and child attachment in a refugee sample.
van Ee et al. (2016). Attachment and Human Development.

A qualitative exploration of the “coming out” process for asexual individuals.
Robbins et al. (2016). Archives of Sexual Behaviour.

Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) in health care: a scoping review.
Gagliardi et al. (2016). Implementation Science.

Internet-assisted parent training intervention for disruptive behavior in 4-year-old children. A randomized clinical trial.
Sourander et al. (2016). JAMA Psychiatry.

Health information behavior of expectant and recent fathers.
Cramer (2016). American Journal of Men’s Health.

Understanding grandfamilies: Characteristics of grandparents, nonresident Parents, and children.
Pilkauskas & Dunifon (2016). Journal of Marriage and Family.

Achieving change in primary care—causes of the evidence to practice gap: systematic reviews of reviews.
Lau et al. (2016). Implementation Science.

Managing stress levels of parents of children with developmental disabilities: A meta-analytic review of interventions.
Lindo et al. (2016). Family Relations.

Family socioeconomic status, immigration, and children’s transitions into school.
Crosnoe & Ansari (2016). Family Relations.

The impact of formal and informal support on health in the context of caregiving stress.
Gouin et al. (2016). Family Relations.

Descriptive analysis of intervention for parents of young children having sleep problems.
Skúladóttir (2016). Family Relations.

Family relations, stress, and vulnerability: Biobehavioral implications for prevention and practice.
Ha & Granger (2016). Family Relations.

Longitudinal effects of prenatal exposure to air pollutants on self-regulatory capacities and social competence.
Margolis et al. (2016). Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Family inequality: Diverging patterns in marriage, cohabitation, and childbearing.
Lundberg et al. (2016). EconPapers.

Decision making about nonparental child care by fathers.
Rose et al. (2016). Journal of Family Issues.

Should spouses be demanding less from marriage? A contextual perspective on the implications of interpersonal standards.
McNulty (2016). Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

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